Dysarthria

Dysarthria

 

Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder resulting from paralysis, weakness, spasticity or incoordination of the speech musculature.

 

Common causes include neurological disorders such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and multiple sclerosis (MS) as well as peripheral nerve damage and certain medications. Multiple speech subsystems including respiration, phonation, resonance, prosody and articulation can be affected, and the type of dysarthria a person has depends on which systems are involved and the extent and location of the damage.

 

 

Signs and Symptoms of Dysarthria May Include

 

  • Slurred speech
  • Slow rate of speech
  • Rapid rate of speech
  • Breathy, hoarse or strained voice quality
  • Hyper- or hypo- nasality
  • Monotone
  • Uneven speech volumeInability to speak above a whisper
  • Abnormal intonation
  • Difficulty moving lips, tongue and jaw and facial muscles.
  • Drooling
  • Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)

 

 

Dysarthria Treatment

 

Treatment depends on the type and severity of dysarthria. In addition, dysarthria may co-occur with apraxia of speech and both must be addressed. Ultimately, the goal of dysarthria treatment is to improve overall speech intelligibility. In more severe cases, augmentative communication devices including communication boards and electronic/computer devices may be necessary.

 

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Bodylink Speech Therapy is a private speech therapy practice founded by 

Monica Lowy, M.A., CCC-SLP, TSHH, APP. Ms. Lowy earned a master’s degree in Speech-Language Pathology at New York University in 1996 and has been a New York State licensed clinician for 23 years.

Bodylink Speech Therapy

420 Lexington Ave
Suite 300
New York,  NY  10170  USA

Call:  (917) 538-7187

Email: mlowy@bodylinkspeechtherapy.com

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